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The Bazaruto Archipelago: a biodiversity hotspot

The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region stretches from the Horn of Africa (Somalia) to the southern tip of South Africa. Over 20 marine conservation areas and national parks exist in this coastline, nine of them located within Mozambique. One of the most important, the Bazaruto Archipelago National Park (BANP) supports coral reefs, seagrass meadows, mangrove forests, sand banks, deep canyons, and narrow shelves that quickly connect with the open ocean.

The BANP is a group of five islands in the Inhambane Province, Mozambique, classified as a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in 1971. This Marine Park is a conservation priority owing to its significance for contributing to biodiversity and the important goods and services provided by the variety of marine ecosystems. The marine life that inhabits the BANP includes: humpback whales, dolphins and sharks, marlin and tuna, sailfish, wahoo, king mackerel, great trevally, groupers, rays, manta rays, reef fish and turtles.

Resources are currently under threat of exploitation by artisanal fisheries and local communities. The BANP is an example of a pristine coastal location that is quickly undergoing changes following human development that impacts local to regional ecosystems.

OPEN (with restrictions after signing the Data Agreement under BCSS’s Terms & Conditions)
Signatory parties can download/use
Jurisdiction Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC0BY-4.0)
A DOI name shall be used to cite and link BCSS datasets

Ocean: Continuous time-series data
Data type Data sub-type Parameter Citation/DOI NOTES
Seabed Environment Physics Seawater Temperature Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019.
https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970
Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.
Megafauna Tagging & Tracking Conventional Tag deploy/re-capture Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.
Acoustic Detections Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.​
Satellite GPS track Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.​
Depth Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.​
Seawater Temperature Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.​
Acoustics n/a Sound files (.sud .xml .wav .csv) Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.​
Water Temperature Diehl, Nora; Bischof, Kai (2021): Coping with a changing Arctic: mechanisms of acclimation in the brown seaweed Saccharina latissima from Spitsbergen - raw data to 2-factor experiments with field material from Kongsfjorden, June/July 2019. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.926970 Please note that these data were retrieved in a variation of weather conditions. 10 different locations were monitored continuously since 2018. Coordinates of exact locations are included in the datasets.​
Ocean: Monthly time-series data
Data type Data sub-type Parameter Units Method Stations
Seawater Chemistry Carbonate Chemistry
Total Alkalinity (TA) µmol kg-1 VINDTA 3C 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 11, 12, 13
Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC)
pHtotal n/a YSI multiparameter probe
Elemental Chemistry Dissolved Inorganic Nutrients (N, P, Si) µM Spectrophotometer
Dissolved Major Elements (Ca, Mg, Sr, Na etc) µM, mM, nM ICP-OES/MS
Dissolved Minor Elements (Cu, Pb, Hg, Al etc)
Physics Seawater Temperature ºC YSI multiparameter probe
Seawater Salinity psu
Seawater Dissolved Oxygen (DO) mg L-1
Plankton Biomass Biochemistry C:N:P ratios n/a Elemental Analyzer (EA) Transects station 1, 2, 5, 10, 13
C:N stable isotopes Isotope-ratio MS & Elemental Analyzer (EA)
Megafauna & Coral
Boat ID surveys
Date/Time n/a Visual ID & Surveys All stations (bulk)
Species count
GPS coordinates
Depth m
Diving ID surveys
Date/Time n/a Visual ID & Transects 1, 2, 5, 13
Species count
GPS coordinates
Depth m
Coral Cover & Bleaching surveys
Date/Time n/a Visual ID & Quadrats
Species count
GPS coordinates
Depth m
Skeleton Carbonate Major Elements (Ca, Mg, Sr, Na etc) µM, mM, nM Inductive Coupled Plasma (ICP-OES/MS)
Minor Elements (Cu, Pb, Hg, Al etc)
Megafauna Biochemistry C:N:P ratios n/a Elemental Analyzer (EA) All stations (bulk)
C:N stable isotopes Isotope-ratio MS & Elemental Analyzer (EA)
Heavy Metals ppm, ppb ICP-OES/MS
PCBs ppm, ppb Solid Phase Microstraction (SPME)
Dioxins ppm, ppb HRGC-HRMS
Megafauna Genetics eDNA calibration n/a PCR
Gene expression
Land: monthly time-series data
Data type Data sub-type Parameter Units Method Stations
Marine Debris n/a Date/Time n/a Visual ID & Surveys Benguerra Island transects
GPS coordinates
Total Count
Total Weight gr
Origin/Users µM, mM, nM
Sector/Industry n/a
Brand n/a
Country n/a
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